Geographic Decision Support Systems to Optimize the Placement of Distributed Energy Resources
The United States electric utility industry is moving toward a new power grid that will accommodate bi-directional energy flow and the incorporation of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs). Currently, utility companies lack tools to identify locations on the electric grid that can sustain DERs’ adoption. This research explores the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), a class of tools for developing spatial models, with the aim of optimizing the placement of DERs. The intent of this research is to propose a Geographic Decision Support Systems (GDSS) model as a solution for the utility industry to assist in the DERs’ portfolio choices and provide actionable information for utilities, system operators, and power producers. A GDSS model has been developed to assist utility companies in prioritizing locations where DERs may provide net benefits.