Acoustics & Psychoacoustics
Digital filters are often used to model or equalize acoustic or electroacoustic transfer functions. Applications include headphone, loudspeaker, and room equalization, or modeling the radiation of musical instruments for sound synthesis. As the final judge of quality is the human ear, filter design should take into account the quasi-logarithmic frequency resolution of the auditory system. This tutorial presents various approaches for achieving this goal, including warped FIR and IIR, Kautz, and fixed-pole parallel filters, and discusses their differences and similarities. Examples will include loudspeaker and room equalization applications, and the equalization of a spherical loudspeaker array. The effect of quantization noise arising in real-world applications will also be considered.