High throughput sensing is necessary for the rapid acquisition of plant canopy physical and physiological parameters on field scales. Information obtained can assist in early identification of desired genetic traits and the degree to which they are expressed. Current sensing systems rely on cumbersome vehicle mounted systems or heavy inflexible track-based systems. Each of which require extensive resources with regard to maintaining and managing these assets. To address the limitations of vehicle and track-based systems, a new multi-parameter sensor and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system was developed, and accordingly, represents a new paradigm for aerial sensing of plant canopy radiative transfer and physiological characteristics. This aerial sensing system was field tested on winter wheat during the spring growing seasons of 2017-2018. The multi-sensor system is comprised of a three-band active optical sensor and multiple passive optical and meteorological sensors. Sensor measurements are recorded via the instrument’s integrated geospatial data logger.