Undergraduate Student York University Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Disclosure: I do not have any relevant financial / non-financial relationships with any proprietary interests.
Purpose: To provide an overview of child sexual offender typologies, theories on the etiology of child sexual offending, historical, current, and emerging psychosocial treatment approaches as well as related empirical literature evaluating their effectiveness. Population: The population being studied includes adult male child sexual offenders, who commit the overwhelming majority of these offenses. Main Points: The vilification of child sexual offenders that often occurs in the aftermath of their crimes is counterproductive in a society intent on prioritizing child welfare. As criminal sanctions for sexual offences against children rarely include indefinite incarceration, ineffective treatment of offenders undermines child safety. Current psychosocial treatment approaches including Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy, the Risk-Need-Responsivity model, and the Good Lives Model have been demonstrated to be effective. However, research indicates that adult males exposed to childhood trauma, especially sexual abuse, are significantly more likely sexually offend against children. Emerging treatment approaches underscore the importance of recognizing offenders’ own trauma histories. Involvement with the criminal justice system can be traumagenic through its restriction of offenders' personal control, privacy, and movement.
Conclusion: A treatment approach which integrates elements of both prevailing and emerging psychosocial approaches represents the most promising approach towards the primary prevention of child sexual abuse.
RECOGNIZE the typologies of child sexual offenders.
EXPLAIN etiological theories of child sexual offending behaviour.
DISTINGUISH between the prevailing psychosocial treatment approaches used with adult males who sexually offend against children.
DISCOVER emerging approaches in the psychosocial treatment of adult male child sexual offenders.
EVALUATE the the effectiveness of a range of psychosocial treatment approaches for adult males who have engaged in child sexual offending behaviour.