Ethnic and racial diversity in medicine is crucial to combat health care disparities and enrich physician cultural competence. The primary aim of this study is to characterize ethnic/racial diversity in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) from Residency Applicants to Professors and compare that to the diversity in all medical specialties. The secondary aim of this study is to describe the ethnic/racial diversity of current PM&R Program Directors.
Self-reported ethnicity/race of Residency Applicants, Faculty, and PM&R Program Directors was collected from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) database. Demographic information for Residents and Fellows was obtained from the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP) Match database. Ethnicity/race was defined as White, Asian, African American, Hispanic, Native American/Alaskan, and Other. We used log linear models to evaluate associations between race/ethnicity and career level, from Residency Applicant to Professor, controlling for medical specialties.
Overall, minorities decreased with increasing academic rank in both PM&R and all specialties. Therefore, we believe more robust initiatives must be implemented to improve exposure, recruitment, and retention of minorities at all levels of academic medicine to further diversify the physician workforce. Further studies could look at the interactions between gender and minorities in PM&R at each career level.
Ashley Sanchez– Medical Student, McGovern Medical School at UTHealth in Houston
Claudia Martinez– Medical Student, McGovern Medical School at UTHealth in Houston
Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez– VC & Associate Professor; Medical Director, Brain Injury and Stroke Program, McGovern Medical School at UTHealth at Houston
Argyrios Stampas– Assistant Professor, SCI Medicine Research Director, UTHealth/ TIRR Memorial Hermann
Joel Frontera– Program Director/ Associate Professor, McGovern Medical School at UTHealth
Miguel Escalon– Vice Chair, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Claudia Pedroza– Associate Professor, McGovern Medical School