Objectives: The spinal cord injury is any problem with structures contained in the spinal cavity unleashing physiological, motor, sensory and autonomic disorders as well as financial and psychosocial challenges. People with spinal cord injury may find impediments to obtaining or maintaining a job, generating socioeconomic impact for themselves and for society. For these reasons, it is important to verify the difficulties encountered for the inclusion to the work activities in country of high human development.
Design: A cross-sectional, prospective study carried out by the medical sector between May and July 2019, through a semi-structured interview with 16 patients who completed rehabilitation program for spinal cord injury. Data analyzed descriptively (percentage and mean).
Results: 81% men, average age 46, 62% had up to 12 years of schooling, 31% retired due to disability and 50% received some financial assistance from the government. 44% attributed the architectural barriers (stairs, absence of access ramps and adapted toilets, narrow doors) to the greatest difficulties encountered to returning to work. Of the evaluated, only one returned and it is worth to emphasize that this one has complete superior education and post-graduation.
Conclusions: The right to work is insure by the Statute on Persons with Disabilities in force in the country and for people with a spinal cord injury to be insert in work activities one of the conditions is accessibility. Architectural barriers are the greatest impediment that people with spinal cord injury find in the reinsertion of work activities in the routine. In times when the country is seeking the pension reform, it is worth emphasizing that public policies to improve the identified barriers can promote the people with spinal cord injury inclusion at full capacity to enter the labor activities, resulting in people who are more financially active and contributing for the country´s economy.
aline godoi– dcotor, Lucy Montoro
Vanessa Jorge– Psychologist, Centro de Medicina de Reabilitação Lucy Montoro Santos
Celso Matos– Medical Director, Centro de Medicina de Reabilitação Lucy Montoro Santos
Elaine Cristina Silva– Physical Therapist, Centro de Medicina de reabilitação Lucy Montoro/ Santos