Hydrotherapy, an activity of scientific and rehabilitative interest in the neuromotor protocols, owes its value to the properties of water: indispensable cornerstone to improve motor potentialitys, social interactions, activity levels, physiological functions. To date, no study evaluated the impact of water in a neuro-visual-motor perspective. Studies state that an environment rich in playful and proprioceptive activities can facilitate the development of motor-visual-social skills: water lends itself to neuro-motor rehabilitation pathways and influences and/or modifies the visual functionality.
The preliminary and experimental activities carried out in about 10 months were performed in water at 34° with 10 children (40%Ocular impairment, 60%CVI) including 6 treated in water and 4 as control group, utilising the refraction characteristics of light, the fluctuability of objects at various of depth, the viscosity. Materials with different colour frequencies have been used capable of developing sinuous movements in contact with water. The children were evaluated with GMFM.
Changes in reaching and grasping movements were observed, monitored by the visual channel, more directional and fluid; adaptations in the processing of distance and modulation of the taking of objects placed in aquatic environment; improvements in all areas of the GMFM, specifically in the B-D-E.
We believe that a proprioceptive experience in aquatic environment influences neuromotor and neurovisual development, in support of the dorsal system related to an ocular-manual monitoring. Starting from this assumption our aim is to deepen the study, structuring broad spectrum evaluation methods.
Chiara Mastantuono– Neuropsychopsychotic therapist, RESEARCH, TRAINING AND REHABILITATION INSTITUTE (I.Ri.Fo.R.)
Mirco Fava– Hydrotherapist, AIIEN - ITALIAN ASSOCIATION OF HYDROTHERAPISTS
Luca Labianca– MD, Sant'Andrea Hospital
Maria Pia Onesta– MD, Cannizzaro Hospital Catania
Donatella Cervi– Hydrotherapist, AIIEN - ITALIAN ASSOCIATION OF HYDROTHERAPISTS
Elisa Filardo– Hydrotherapist, AIIEN - ITALIAN ASSOCIATION OF HYDROTHERAPISTS
Patrizia Paravia– Hydrotherapist, AIIEN - ITALIAN ASSOCIATION OF HYDROTHERAPISTS
Matteo Secchi– Hydrotherapist, AIIEN - ITALIAN ASSOCIATION OF HYDROTHERAPISTS