Objectives: In the current literature it is well established that physical exercise plays a fundamental role in the prevention and recurrence of noncommunicable chronic diseases such as stroke. Adapted sport (educational, participatory or paralympic) has emerged as an important complementary means in the recovery of people with disabilities as individuals after stroke. The amy of this study was to evaluate the participation rate of chronic stroke patients in paralympic modalities and / or participation sport.
Design: A descriptive study was conducted with post-stroke patients who were undergoing physical therapy, using the ICF Activity and Participation component through questions formulated for this study: 01) How much your family motivates you in relation to the practice of a sport activity? 02) Have you ever been encouraged by your physiotherapist to do some kind of sport? 03) Do you participate in any government-sponsored sports health promotion program? The respective equivalences of the data obtained for the qualification used in the ICF were performed, which ranges from 0-4.
Results: The study included 52 individuals after stroke; average age 58 ± 15 years; post-stroke time 42 ± 51 months, residents of the city of Curitiba-Brazil. None of the patients perform any kind of sport. Regarding motivation 25% of the sample reported never having been motivated by the family and 50% reported no motivation from their physiotherapists to participate in sports activities, both in participation and paralympic modalities. Regarding the participation of activities offered by the government (11%) do not participate because of accessibility and (36%) reported not knowing any health program focused on sports.
There is a need for greater dissemination of participation sports and sports so that professionals know and encourage the inclusion of this population as a means of inclusion, socialization, mortality prevention, risk of comorbidities and recurrence of stroke.
Lisiane Maia– Graduated, Pontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Elgison dos Santos– Professor, Faculdade Paranaense (FAPAR)
Maria de Fátima Vara– Professor, Associação dos Deficientes Físicos do Paraná
Ana Paula Loureiro– Professor, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná