Track: Education: quality improvement; best practice; curricular changes; student outcomes; and/or innovative projects educators use with any type of learners
Operating room (OR) orientation: Bridging the gap from classroom to OR with simulation
An academic medical center, which includes seven hospitals, has an established surgical services orientation class. The third day of this class included both lecture in a classroom and hands on skills and simulation for nurses and surgical technologists. Feedback was received from previous class participants that more hands-on time would increase staff knowledge, skill level, and comfort level when entering a real operating room (OR). Therefore, simulation scenario development was requested by the nurse educator for surgical services. The class was revised to include both skills and simulation scenarios. New and specific learning objectives were established early in the planning process. After that, laparoscopic surgery simulation scenarios were developed, edited, and tested by the facilitator and the educator. A practice run of the scenario took place before implementation. To date, 56 learners have participated in the orientation simulations. A pre and post evaluation was used as an assessment tool. Using a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from “very low” to “very high”, the participants rated their own confidence and skills, based on each learning objective, before and after the class. Data analysis was performed on the self-evaluations using a t-test. All evaluation scores related to the learning objectives were statistically significant (p value less than 0.01). Operating Room orientation programs are an important factor in nurse retention. Skills laboratories and simulation scenarios should be built into these programs. Simulation education is one method that can be used to increase the knowledge, skill level, and comfort level of perioperative staff.
Upon completion, participant will be able to design a laparoscopic surgery simulation scenario.
Upon completion, participant will be able to develop appropriate learning objectives for a surgical services orientation class that takes place in a simulation lab.
Upon completion, participant will be able to identify examples of cues that may be needed to assist learners during critical times of a surgical simulation scenario.