Background: Tumor Treating Fields (TTFields) are non-invasive, loco-regional, anti-mitotic treatment modality comprising alternating electric fields. TTFields have demonstrated efficacy in preclinical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) models. TTFields treatment to the brain was safe and extended overall survival in newly-diagnosed glioblastoma. The objective of the METIS study [NCT02831959] is evaluation of the efficacy and safety of TTFields in NSCLC patients with brain metastases.
Methods: NSCLC patients (N=270) with 1-10 brain metastases were randomized 1:1 to stereotactic radio surgery (SRS) followed by continuous TTFields ((150 kHz, > 18 hours/day) within 7 days of SRS or supportive care. The portable device delivered TTFields to the brain using 4 transducer arrays, while patients received the best standard-of-care for systemic disease. Patients were followed every two months until second intracranial progression. Key inclusion criteria: KPS ≥70, new diagnosis of 1 inoperable or 2–10 supra- and/or infratentorial brain metastases from NSCLC amenable to SRS; and optimal therapy for extracranial disease. Prior WBRT, surgical resection of metastases, or recurrent brain metastases were exclusionary. Primary endpoint was time to 1st intracranial progression. Secondary endpoints included time to neurocognitive failure (HVLT, COWAT and TMT), overall survival, radiological response rate (RANO-BM and RECIST V1.1); quality-of-life; adverse events; time to first/second intracranial progression for patients with 1–4 and 5–10 brain metastases; bi-monthly intracranial progression rate from 2–12 months; and time to second intracranial and distant progression. The sample size (N=270) was calculated using a log-rank test (Lakatos 1988 and 2002) with 80% power at two sided alpha of 0.05 to detect a hazard ratio of 0.57. On September, 2019, an independent Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) reviewed METIS trial data collected to that point. The DMC concluded that no unexpected safety issues had emerged and recommended continuation of the METIS study as planned.