46 - Evaluating Self Efficacy in Novice Perioperative Nurses
Description: Abstract for Self Efficacy Research Study As with many operating rooms across the country, nursing vacancies in the OR and difficulties recruiting experienced perioperative RNS has put our institution at a high risk for a staffing crisis. The management team at Inspira Health Network decided to implement the AORN Periop 101 course to offset this deficit. The course is comprised of didactic computer modules done in a classroom setting, skills labs, followed by clinical rotation through the various specialty services. Three of these programs were completed over a three year period. While monitoring the students during their training, there seemed to be a fluctuation in the confidence levels at various times during the learning process. A literature search on this topic led to Bandura’s Social Learning Theory, specifically the focus on self-efficacy. This theory postulates that one’s self-efficacy (self-confidence) is a predictor of a person’s success when learning new tasks. Data was collected using a self-reported, self-efficacy questionnaire at various intervals over a one year span for the second and third group of students. A two-tailed independent t-test was used to assess the difference between individual self-efficacy scores. Once the data collection and analysis were complete,there was little to no statistical significance in the change of the students' self confidence levels over time. Both groups had similar results in the data analysis, showing some fluctuation and decline in the overall self-efficacy scores. However, there was a visible clinical impact noted in that the students' posessed less confidence at one year than at the beginning of their respective programs. These results lead to reason for the future study of this phenomenon.