81 - Simulation Education for Operating Room Nursing Students: The Effects on Critical Thinking
Description: The position that the Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN) on orientation of registered nurses and surgical technologists to the operating room is that "AORN advocates for the inclusion of learning activities in the perioperative setting in all undergraduate professional nursing curricula. AORN is committed to promoting the value of clinical learning activities in the perioperative setting, but recognizes the constraints inherent in nursing curricula." (AORN, 2015) Perioperative registered nurses and postgraduate nursing students are involved in caring for patients having elective surgery; however, a surgical crisis event may arise where it is necessary to modify the care being delivered to the elective surgical patient. Nurses must be able to assess the crisis and adapt to changing circumstances utilizing specialized skills and critical thinking. There have been several studies that focus on simulation in nursing education; however, information around simulation-based education for perioperative nurses in a surgical crisis event is limited. The intent of this research is to determine if empirical evidence supports embedding simulation-based education of surgical crisis events into perioperative postgraduate nursing curriculum to enhance critical thinking and improve patient safety. This research describes participants and context of the surgical environment, the applicable adult education theoretical frameworks: constructivist /social constructivist approach, adult learning theory, Jeffries Simulation Model, and Gibb’s reflective cycle. Additionally, the roles of reflective practice and critical thinking in simulation in education will be discussed to further support the findings of this research. The poster will indicate literature sources and methodology used for the literature search. A critique will reveal current perceptions of the necessity for perioperative nursing students to develop critical thinking skills, the benefits of simulation-based education for emergencies, and the need for further research.