Evidence-Based Practice Poster Session (Posters #29-#36)
36 - The Effects of Using a Cartoon Photo Sticker in Conjunction with a Demonstration of the Use of a Facemask on the Fear and Cooperation of the Patient Preschool Age
Description: The objective of this report was to study the effects of the use of a cartoon photo sticker together with a demonstration of the use of a masked facemask on the fear and cooperation of patients of pre-school children. Seventy( boys :50,girls:20 ) pre-school children who were scheduled for an elective out-patient surgery were included. The children were randomly divided into 2 groups (N=35 in each group ) those with the use of a cartoon photo sticker and those without. The results showed that children who received information through demonstrations of the use of a mask, as well as the cartoon stickers, for the deviation of interest, significantly expressed the reduction in fear of the children. The evaluation included observation, speaking, body movements, facial expression and eye communication, which will affect cooperation while undergoing surgery. As a result, the duration for anesthetic induction decreased from 10-30 minutes per person reduced to a period of 5-10 minutes per person.Therefore, the total duration of surgery for each patient were reduced from 20-30 min per case. The next patient did not have to wait for a long time. The impact on stress due to the children had to refrain from eating for a long time probably caused the patient to inevitably feel stressful in an unfamiliar environment. These induced the children to have less attention to their parents' and nurses' communication which may eventually affect the patients' mental and physical health. We suggested that, as a patient, the children needs more attention and care than adults, especially the children at pre-school age. Caring takes time and attention. Therefore, to take care of these young children, People must have knowledge about the development and perception of each child in different ages in order to provide appropriate care for children of all ages.