Evidence-Based Practice Poster Session (Posters #11-#20)
11 - Decreasing Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Through Aromatherapy
Description: This evidence based practice (EBP) is addressing the issue of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in the perioperative setting. The topic was chosen because of staff inquiry, financial burdening associated with pharmacological interventions, and to decrease patients’ length of stay related to PONV. The goal of the study was to investigate if aromatherapy introduction would reduce the rate of PONV along with the use of antiemetics. The first step of this EBP was looking at various articles in order to conduct a literature review. Evidence gathered showed varying results; adults benefitting more than pediatric patients, inconclusive scents, inconsistent scales to measure the effect of aromatherapy, and boys displaying more positive reaction to aromatherapy than girls. After a literature review was obtained, a survey was conducted to gauge interest of the operating room staff to determine if aromatherapy was a viable option for PONV. Results gathered showed that the majority of staff agreed that PONV was an issue in the pediatric post-operative population and that aromatherapy could be beneficial to patients. Future considerations consist of a pilot study in perioperative services to incorporate aromatherapy in adjunct to antiemetics. A possible PONV tool that can be utilized in the perioperative setting as well as a financial review of various aromatherapy scents are also considerations as well.