288 - Organ Procurement Education Program for Perioperative Nurses
Description: Organ transplantation to treat multi-organ failure has proven to be highly successful. An important aspect of the transplantation process is the organ procurement procedure. The current state shows that there are limited organ procurement education and training programs for perioperative nursing staff. This type of training has mostly been limited to intensive care nurses caring for the organ donor. In a tertiary inpatient cardiovascular operating room (CVOR), the CVOR nursing team had the responsibility of staffing organ procurement cases. This often took away much needed resources. Due to the increasing demands of the CVOR, there was an identified need to see if additional staffing from outside the CVOR could be utilized for organ procurement cases. When approached with the idea of cross-training for organ procurement procedures, many nurses expressed a lack of experience and knowledge, past negative experiences, and overall discomfort with participating in the organ procurement case. To address these issues, the CVOR nurse manager, clinical educator, and members of the local organ procurement entity worked together to develop an organ procurement education program focusing on brain death donors (BDD) that specifically met the learning needs of the perioperative nurse. The education program took place in April 2019 in honor of National Organ Donor Month. A pre-survey was administered to determine baseline knowledge, comfort, and experience in organ procurement cases. The education program included lectures, videos, pictures, a tour of the operating room space, competency checks for specific instrumentation, and a mock set up. The program also included care for the surgical team involved in the organ procurement process. After the education program, a post-survey was administered to determine changes in knowledge and comfort. The results of the education program showed an increase in knowledge of the organ procurement process, the roles and responsibilities of the organ procurement team, the roles and responsibilities of the nursing team, and comfort level in preparing and setting up for organ procurement procedures. In addition, participants expressed more interest in learning about these types of cases and improved attitudes about organ procurement as a means to provide a second chance for other patients.An education program tailored specifically to the needs of perioperative nurses has the potential to positively impact and change perceptions of organ procurement which can ultimately impact the long-term success of organ procurement programs around the nation. As nurses who are intimately involved in the actual physical act of organ procurement, it is essential that these types of programs are developed to prepare perioperative nurses to care for both the organ donor patient and themselves.