President, Casey Hein and Associates, LLC; Assistant Prof; School of Dental Hygiene University of Manitoba University of Manitoba Hagerstown, Maryland, United States
Abstract Description: Prolonged depression can be devastating ― impacting both physical and emotional health, including increased risk for alcohol or drug addiction, trouble with school or work, problems with family relationships, social isolation, excess weight gain, self mutilation, and suicide. One in six people will experience depression at some time in their life. These statistics suggest that during a typical day of practice, oral healthcare providers will see 3-4 patients whose lives have been touched by depression, whether in the past or in the present, or those who have risk factors for yet-manifested depression. As primary care providers, dentists and dental hygienists may be the provider first-in-line to intercept patients with depression and refer those at risk to physicians and/or behavioral healthcare providers. This course begins with a brief overview of depression’s signs and symptoms, common types of depression, discussion of the stress, anxiety, depression continuum, depression risk factors, and the escalating prevalence of depression (including the impact of Covid-19). We’ll explore the biologic and behavioral mechanisms that link stress and depression to caries and periodontal disease, in addition to the dental office as the ideal setting to intercept depression. In response to the question, “Why screen”, we’ll look at why the dental setting is an ideal setting for intercepting depression. The PHQ-2 tool will be introduced and suggested as a simple tool to preliminarily screen for depression. Also presented will be a model for bi-lateral point-of-care screening and referral between oral and behavioral healthcare providers. Everything we discuss can be fully implemented tomorrow. Please join us for this important and long overdue course. Sponsored by: Sunstar Americas’ GUM® brand *This live streamed-session will not be available following the conclusion of conference on June 28.
Recognize the signs and symptoms of depression.
Identify risk factors for depression, utilize the PHQ-2 screening tool to recognize patients who may be depressed and refer them to physicians or behavioral health providers for formal diagnosis.
Describe the high prevalence of depression and the impact of Covid-19 on current trends and projections of future prevalence.
Describe the connection between depression, poor overall health and how depression may increase the risk for caries and periodontal diseases.
Prescribe products that manage dry mouth associated with depression and/or antidepressant medications.
Build a referral network of behavioral healthcare providers and implement bi-lateral point-of-care screening and referral for cases of depression.