This roundtable will discuss the influence and impact of Judith Butler’s pathbreaking book Gender Trouble: Feminism and Subversion of Identity for scholars working in Asian Studies. As 2020 marks the 30th anniversary of the publication of Gender Trouble, the roundtable will examine the importance of Butler’s arguments and ideas about gender and sexuality in multiple disciplines where her work has played a foundational role: Gender & Sexuality Studies, Women’s Studies, Feminist Studies, Philosophy, Critical Theory, Literary Studies, History, Anthropology, and other fields. The roundtable will also provide discussions about the multiple ways scholars of Asia have expanded and diverged in their studies of gender and sexuality, not always anticipated when the book was first published. The purpose of the roundtable is to assess the thought of one of the most important philosophers working today, viewed from the perspectives of those studying the diverse historical and cultural practices of gender and sexuality in Asian Studies. Gail Hershatter (University of California, Santa Cruz) will discuss the significance of Butler’s book for research on China, while Geeta Patel (University of Virginia, Charlottesville) will provide an assessment of the responses from the literatures of South Asia. Tamara Loos (Cornell University) will examine the reception of the ideas of Gender Trouble in studies of Southeast Asia. Mrinalini Sinha (University of Michigan) will serve as the chair of the roundtable. Judith Butler (University of California, Berkeley) will provide a response to the three papers.