Organized Panel Session
Global economies, migration flows, and technological advancements have reshaped how people conduct and understand their work in Asia. This panel will look at the restructuring of work from a gendered perspective. On the one hand, Asia is home to many of the world’s manufacturing bases, entrepreneurial hotbeds, technology and creative industry centers, in which both men and women have embraced increasing chances of career development and social mobility. On the other hand, such occupation structures have been rooted in long-standing patriarchal traditions and women face new constraints and risks due to administrative bureaucracies, market-oriented reforms, global supply chains, and post-standardized employment tendencies.
The four papers in this panel focus on (1) how public sector employment provides “glass bowls” for women in South Korea that offer protection from discrimination, high status, job security, and relatively good pay, but also include reinforcing gendered division of household labor and other individual and institutional challenges; (2) how women in China are turning to market-oriented entrepreneurial sectors that allow for more self-determination and autonomy, but also include persisting patriarchal constraints and new market and moral risks; (3) how “slash workers” in Hong Kong work multiple jobs to construct a broader and fuller work/life experience, but may also reinforce the gendered belief that women are less fit for standardized employment; and (4) how fashion designers and workers adapt their work in the global supply chains into spatially dispersed, routinized labor in Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Mainland China, and the United States.