Organized Panel Session
This panel explores the complexities of religion in contemporary Indonesia, focusing on teasing out colonial legacies, institutional patterns and key agents. The conceptual unit of religion has represented a pillar of the Indonesian state—with belief in the Almighty as critical to the Pancasila, the country’s foundational tenets—though often defined in relation to secularism. Yet, while always a nebulous concept, historical and contextual contingencies, shifting centers of political and religious authority, and the emergence of alternative media of communication have further blurred the meaning of religion. As such, the panel explores such shifting meanings and social roles of religion, questioning the imbrications between religion and ethnicity, teasing out potential trajectories and investigating the fraught relationship between religion and secularism.