The hostility and violence against the Rohingya have compelled us to think more seriously about the religious dimension of what we usually call “ethnic” politics in Myanmar (Burma). How important is religious difference in the conflict between the Myanmar state and a non-Buddhist minority group? This paper will pursue this question in the case of the Kachin, who are predominantly Christian today. Decades ago, Kachin Christians were found on both sides of the conflict, and their church organizations were far from united on political issues. Some even sought to work as intermediaries. Lahpai Khun Nawng was one of them. Born into one of the first Kachin Christian families, he was the first Kachin to graduate from Rangoon University and eventually became a senior military officer; from 1957 to 1968 he was Principal of the Defence Services Academy. While his own attempts at mediation were not successful, the Kachin Baptist Convention, by far the largest Kachin church organization, brokered a ceasefire in 1993. The war resumed in 2011, however, and it has unified Kachin Christians to an unprecedented degree. Protests and advocacy campaigns have since been led by Christian leaders, including Khun Nawng’s own daughter. While it has become common for the Kachin to view their religious difference as a major cause for the conflict, divergence between Christians and Buddhists in the region has been an effect of state violence.