By most metrics, China will be one of the largest capital exporters in the world in the near future. In the past, the U.S., U.K., France, Germany, Japan, and other great powers have used law to create environments for transactional security for their investments in weak states. They have used legal transplants, in roughly two ways: “horizontally” to introduce their institutions or practices to other jurisdictions or “vertically” by uploading their norms into international law forming regimes of transnational law. In China’s version of economic globalization, to date, for the most part, it has preferred the latter “vertical” type. The China-Africa Joint Arbitration Centre (CAJAC) is one of the few “horizontal” exceptions. This paper will introduce CAJAC and locate it in the emerging constellation of China’s international commercial arbitration industry, one that is rapidly globalizing. It will then analyse the potential for CAJAC to function as a legal hub for disputes between Chinese and African parties. Lastly, it will use CAJAC to test orthodox knowledge of legal transplants as a bedrock theory of comparative law.