Facebook's popularity in Myanmar has grown exponentially. In 2010, when the country's first general elections set the stage for the political transition, the estimated number of Facebook users was around 120,000. In 2018, that number rose to nearly 20 million users, which represented about 40% of the country's population. It is often argued that such an extraordinary change has brought more negative than positive effects. Recently, some observers have suggested that “Facebook’s exclusive preference for Burmese at the expense of all other ethnic languages runs the risk of increasing Burmanisation.” Given the current political context, this argument on the observed impact of Facebook toward Burmanization should be taken seriously, since it could fuel ethnic tensions. Thus, the study assesses the credibility of the argument of Facebook-fueled Burmanization. It ponders whether Facebook could have also served as a useful communication tool for Myanmar’s minority ethnic populations, by encouraging intra-ethnic and inter-ethnic cohesion, promoting group identities as well as sympathy and shared understanding among minority groups for example.