This paper investigates a widespread ritual tradition in Hunan (PRC): the offering to the Immortal Ladies (仙娘 xianniang) of the Peach Spring Grotto (桃源洞 Taoyuandong), which refers itself to the famous story of the Peach Blossom Spring (桃花源記 Taohuayuanji). In the classic iteration by Tao Yuanming 陶淵明 (365? - 427), the grotto is located near Wuling 武陵 (present-day Changde 常德) in northern Hunan. Though concretely grounded in the sacred geography of this region, it became absorbed into the mainstream of traditional Chinese culture as a literary or political metaphor. To reposition the Peach Blossom lore in its proper ritual context, I remove the story from the realm of “literary fiction.” Despite the literary interpretations it inspired, I argue that the primary cultural sphere to which it refers itself is the sacred site at Wuling/Changde. Next, looking at the ritual of the Immortal Ladies as it is practiced in rural and urban households, I will define it as a way of re-producing the presence of the site of the Peach Blossom Spring. Thus we can understand the role it played in the local world – not as a “utopia” nor as a “metaphor” for political refuge, but as a locus of highly tangible efficacy. Finally, the Peach Blossom lore constitutes a commentary on the interaction between “local” cultures and the Chinese mainstream.