What effect do property rights have on desire for local citizenship? China’s household registration system, hukou, acts as a local citizenship regime, where rural-to-urban migrant workers must formally naturalize through a tightly controlled bureaucratic process if they want access to full citizenship rights where they live and work. Meanwhile, rural residents are entitled to use rights for land, which have become a valuable asset through land commodification. As the market value for land continues appreciating, migrants with land-use rights in their hometown may be more resistant to changing their hukou status when naturalizing somewhere else. This article shows that the opposite is true: migrants with land-use rights are more willing to change their hukou status. We argue that property rights to land and the decision to transfer local citizenship is best understood through the lens of the household; arrangements that allow individuals to change their hukou while their family still retains land allows households to access urban privileges with their land functioning as insurance against potential failure in the city. We use data from the nationally representative China Household Finance Survey, which includes more than 40,000 migrants, to evaluate the influence of family-based determinants on the local naturalization decision.