During the late 1940s, China as a diaspora’s homeland not only spun off into two, but each was also undergoing radical transformation. Drawing on travel accounts published in the Singapore-based newspaper Nanyang Siang Pau, this paper explores national construction in China and Taiwan through the various “return to the homeland” tours (huiguo guanguangtuan) undertaken by members of the Chinese diaspora. In the newly-founded People’s Republic, visitors were led through a tour of coastal cities, the nation’s capital, former Japanese-occupied Manchuria, and major historical sites meant to impress upon them a sense of pride, order, and progress. But first-hand experiences also told of important dissonances—visitors noticed how urban dwellers lived far more structured lives centered on the collective, while too many private businesses were being reorganized into partnerships with the Communist state. By far, visits to the diaspora’s hometowns in south China provoked the strongest awareness of a changed landscape, one marked by a new poverty and loss of connection with the outside world. Compared to the PRC, the Republic of China, newly displaced to the former Japanese colony of Taiwan, could only offer much less elaborate homeland tours. Aside from showing visitors its military base and armed forces, the Nationalist state added famous actors and singers, sports tournaments, and beauty pageants to create a sense of home. Diaspora tourism suggests how homeland construction was part of national construction in both China and Taiwan, and how the connected process of home-comings and home-makings offered a unique perspective on the Cold War.