I do not have any relevant financial / non-financial relationships with any proprietary interests.
Participants should be aware of the following financial/non-financial relationships:
Evan Dawley: No disclosure data submitted.
Taiwan held an ambivalent place in the imaginings of China and Greater China across the first half of the 20th century. The cession of Taiwan to Japan by the Qing in the Treaty of Shimonoseki helped catalyze the creation of modern Chinese nationalism and its associated nation-state building, but as that entity took shape, Taiwan and its residents were placed both within and beyond China’s borders. Then, as the bastion of the post-1949 Republic of China, Taiwan was either almost the entirety of, or practically entirely beyond, China’s sovereign control. More significantly for this paper, the successive colonialist rule of Taiwan by Japan and then the ROC launched processes of identity formation among Taiwan’s residents that brought a mostly unintended result: the people who first became Taiwanese did not identify themselves with the Chinese nation-state. Even before the genesis of the Taiwan Independence Movement, the emergence of Taiwanese consciousness had weakened its adherents’ affiliation with China, and later complicated Cold War-era connections to Greater China. In this paper, I will explore the construction of a Taiwanese ethnic identity between 1895-1945, and its reinforcement in the following decade, through religious and social welfare practices. I will also discuss how that identity challenged the definitions of both China and Greater China that sought to incorporate Taiwan and its people within the boundaries of these sociocultural and political constructs.