Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, China (People's Republic)
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In contrast to agricultural settings, processes of urbanization in the pastoral regions of Tibet are driven by long-term influences of ecological conservation and the provision of social services. Consequently, many of the herders who migrate into nearby, secondary urban centers depend on resources from the pastoral regions to support their livelihood, forming complex patterns of rural-urban linkages. While many studies have discussed the implications of rural-urban linkages on rural and urban development, few have examined the role of collective action in maintaining herders’ access to pastoral resources and how it affects pastoral livelihood transformation. This paper examines two comparative case studies in Karda and Zirong villages from Yushu Prefecture, Qinghai Province, China to analyze how the collective actions of these pastoral communities affect herders’ livelihood transformation, including the structures of expenditure and income of those herders who move to the urban regions.