Energy storage is becoming increasingly relevant as a necessary tool for enabling high integration of renewable energy on the electricity grid. Historically, energy storage has been used solely for energy arbitrage, which can lead to increased greenhouse gas emissions and undervalues storage’s other benefits to the grid. Oftentimes, storage systems are charged by fossil fuel resources at times of low demand rather than by renewables during times of high generation. Understanding energy storage’s technological characteristics is useful to recognize the myriad revenue streams from which energy storage should benefit, while ensuring that it is incentivized as an emissions reducer. Today’s system as designed was not built with storage technology in mind, and new frameworks are needed to ensure responsible and beneficial storage integration onto the grid. A new design framework for storage that veers away from the traditional design of siloed grid operations is key to unlocking responsible storage deployment while displacing emissions from fossil fuel generators.