Background: Healthcare faces many challenges in need of capable physician leadership. The AAMC and the ACGME have called for increased leadership training in medical education. To address this gap, we established Leadership in Healthcare at Alpert Medical School of Brown University. The course is designed for 2nd year students enrolled in a dual-degree program to learn foundational leadership concepts and skills. Three cohorts (ranging from 17 to 24 students) have completed the course.
Purpose/Objective: Our aim is to increase leadership capabilities of future physicians through an early educational program. Course objectives include having participants: 1. identify as physician leaders, demonstrating self-awareness of strengths and weaknesses; 2. demonstrate leadership attributes including emotional intelligence; 3. apply skills to improve team dynamics and effectiveness; 4. demonstrate effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills to influence and motivate others; 5. demonstrate the ability to apply learned leadership skills to an experiential “change project.”
Methods: We will review our experiences with the key steps in developing and implementing a leadership curriculum: conducting needs assessments; identifying core competencies; developing objectives and topics; choosing teaching methods; and employing evaluation tools. We will present student feedback on session content, delivery, value, and effectiveness. Annually, we combine student feedback with expert focus groups to refine the curriculum. We will describe the changes incorporated and provide recommendations for those seeking to develop similar programs.
Outcomes : Topics with highest impact and value included those related to awareness of self and others (e.g. emotional intelligence, team-building) and core leadership skills (e.g. leading change, effective communication, conflict management, negotiation). Students preferred case-based discussions and experiential learning to lectures. The leadership “change project” was revised to address feedback about clear expectations and workload. Most students reported they were able to apply core leadership skills into their daily work as a result of the course.