Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is prevalent in the US. Frequently victims of IPV have contact with the ED, providing opportunity for intervention. Prior studies show physicians are more likely to screen for IPV if they received specific training. Currently, such training varies widely across medical schools and is not universal. A dedicated curriculum on IPV during an EM clerkship may be an effective means to increase student comfort level and knowledge.
Objective: We aimed to create a multi-modal curriculum on IPV for medical students in an EM clerkship, implement the curriculum, and assess learners’ perceived knowledge and comfort level in recognizing, discussing, and responding to victims of IPV. After participating in the curriculum, learners will understand the health implications of IPV and increase their comfort level in recognizing, discussing, and responding to victims of IPV.
Methods: An interdisciplinary team of social work and medical education faculty designed a multimodal curriculum on IPV. The curriculum consists of two parts: a 20-minute instructional video and a case-based didactic session. Second-year medical students in a required EM clerkship were enrolled in the curriculum. Students watched the video and then participated in a 1-hour discussion session using patient vignettes. Students completed pre- and post-curriculum self-assessment surveys.
Outcomes: Survey results were analyzed to identify change in self-assessed comfort level and knowledge in 13 domains using a 1-5 visual analog scale (1 being strongly disagree, 5 being strongly agree). To date, 10 students have completed the curriculum. The mean response was 3.21 (95%C 2.71-3.71) on the pre survey and 4.29 (95%CI 3.84-4.74) on the post survey, p<0.001.