Category: Professional Posters
Purpose: The accreditation council for pharmacy education (ACPE) outlines required elements for accreditation of professional degree programs in pharmacy to assure advanced quality in pharmacy education. In the 2016 guidance document, standard 11 requires all students to serve as a contributing member of an interprofessional team, including exposure to interprofessional team dynamics, education, and practice. The purpose of this study is to evaluate student self-reported attitudes and perceptions of interprofessional education exposure while on ambulatory care APPEs in one school of pharmacy.
Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in all students in one school of pharmacy and health sciences during their fourth professional year. The interprofessional collaborative competency attainment survey (ICCAS) is a validated pre-post survey that measures change in students’ perception of their ability to perform interprofessional activities. The ICCAS was distributed electronically to students in their required and/or elective ambulatory care APPE rotation by one of six faculty members. The survey contained six categories of questions related to communication, collaboration, roles and responsibilities, collaborative patient/family-centered approach, conflict management/resolution, and team functioning. The final survey consisted of twenty items developed into an online survey software questionnaire, in English, using Qualtrics Research XM. Students were asked to rate their ability for each of the categories before and after completion of this APPE. Completion of this survey was required of all students during this APPE, but had no effect on their grade. The survey was delivered and completed during the students’ last day of the APPE rotation. Data were de-identified, recorded, and sent to the researchers for analysis.
Results: Between May 2018 and April 2019, a total of 93 students responded to the survey for a response rate of 100 percent. Sixteen surveys were not filled in correctly or completely and were not considered (either only the pre-items or the post-items were completed), leaving 75 surveys for the final analysis. Overall, there was improvement in all twenty domains. Prior to this APPE, 80 percent of responses revealed an agreement to any extent in IPE exposure in any competency. After this APPE, 88 percent of responses revealed agreement in IPE exposure. The percent of students who reported ability to work effectively with interprofessional team members increased from 73 percent to 83 percent after this ambulatory care experience. The percent of students who strongly agreed that they knew the contributions of interprofessional team members increased from 24 percent to 59 percent. The strongest effect sizes were for promotion of effective communication and learning from other team members to enhance patient care.
Conclusion: Student perception of improvement in all competencies reveals an increased exposure to interprofessional collaboration after ambulatory care course evaluation with the ICCAS.