Category: Professional Posters
Purpose: Fever is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical care in pediatrics. Many parents consider it to be a disease by itself, while others treat fever as a good sign of an immune response. The proper management and appropriate utilization of antipyretic agents remain a challenge for parents in self-care of their children. The purpose of this study is to assess parental knowledge about fever and antipyretic agents use, and the impact of this knowledge on parental practice towards childhood fever.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was approved by the institutional review board, and targeted parents who have a child aged between 3 to 5 years old. 1300 questionnaires were distributed via schools to the parents in Bekaa valley in Lebanon between October and April. The primary objective of the study is to assess parental knowledge, attitude and practice towards fever. The secondary outcomes are to determine the association between parental knowledge and practice, and to establish the practice concerning medical consultation, antipyretics proper use, frequency, and combination, as well as to verify the correct antibiotics indication in treating fever.
Results: A total of 808 mothers and fathers participated in the study with a response rate of 62 percent. Among them, 339 parents (42.7 percent) defined fever as body temperature equal to 38.5 degrees Celsius; and 213 parents (28 percent) consider fever as a good sign for immune response. Most parents (65.5 percent) were found to use antipyretics in the setting of temperature of less than 38.5 degrees Celsius; however, 520 parents (68.3 percent) don’t alternate between 2 antipyretics, and 18.8 percent believe that there is no difference between different dosage forms. moreover, 157 parents (20 percent) believe that there is a need for antibiotics regardless of the fever etiology.
Conclusion: Parental awareness regarding fever assessment and management must still be appropriately and carefully addressed by primary care givers and community pharmacists. Hence, further community education for parents about fever will improve the practice outcomes in the pediatric population.