Category: Professional Posters
Purpose: Asthma is one of the most common non-communicable diseases worldwide with physical and emotional impact. It is largely unrecognized that the effects of asthma are different in patients with severe disease compared to patients with mild to moderate disease. Severe asthma is associated with significant health-related quality of life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life among asthma patients and assess the functional problems (physical, emotional, social and occupational) that are most troublesome to the patients.
Methods: : This is a prospective multi center study conducted on patients from schools, community pharmacies, and physician clinics across different Lebanese geographic areas from February till May 2019. Patients diagnosed with asthma and are self-dependent to effectively use the inhaler devices by themselves are enrolled in the study. Patients with psychiatric or mental disorders are excluded from the study. Eligible patients are interviewed by trained pharmacists through face-face interview to assess asthma quality of life through mini asthma quality of life questionnaire. The study is approved by the institutional review board and written informed consent obtained from each enrolled participant. Data analysis is performed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 21.0.
Results: A total number of 172 asthmatic patients are enrolled in the study with a mean age of 31.79 ± 20.92 years and 55.8% are females. The results show that around 25.6% and 29.7% avoid both dust and cigarette smoking in the environment all the times respectively. As for symptoms assessment, almost 3.5% of the patients reported cough all the time. In addition, 22.7% report shortness of breath most of the time and 34.3% never felt frustrated from asthma state. As for activity limitation, majority of the patients document that both social (65.1%) and work (54.7%) performance isn’t limited at all.
Conclusion: This study highlights that asthmatic patients have good quality of life that is being assessed through the social, physical, emotional, and occupational. Improved disease symptoms assessed through asthma manifestations is a result of enhanced patient knowledge and adherence. Enhanced follow-up and patient counseling may be effective in the future to halt disease progression and achieve optimum therapeutic outcomes.