Category: Professional Posters
Purpose: Throughout history, infections were considered as critical health problems until the discovery of antimicrobial drugs and antibiotics evolution. Human misuse of antibiotics caused unnatural pressure on bacteria and thus serious threat “resistance”. By 2014 and 2015, awareness campaigns were conducted in Lebanon for orientation about the importance of antibiotics and the risk of resistance emergence when misused. The study aims to evaluate the knowledge of Lebanese participants on antibiotics as well as the people’s attitude toward proper use and consequences of misuse.
Methods: An observational, cross-sectional, community-based survey was conducted, in different regions of Lebanon, during June 2017. Lebanese adult patients above 18 years old who were familiar with the word “antibiotics”, were eligible to fill the questionnaire. The questionnaire was tested for content validity by two experts and further adjustments were done after a pilot testing. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences program (SPSS) version 20.
Results: Sixty percent of the participants showed a moderate level, while 15% had a poor level. The highest percentage (30.4%) of participants having a poor level of knowledge accounted for those having an elementary level of education, whereas those with a good level of knowledge (29%) accounted for university. Only 37% of participants in this study knew about these advertisements and activities, while 56 % benefited from them.
It was apparent that some patients were misusing antibiotics regardless of the huge awareness effort done by the government. For example, 32.5% stopped the course of antibiotic when symptoms improved. Moreover, patients had a misconception about the need of antibiotics for a non-bacterial infection. The results also revealed that the participants confused some drugs with antibiotics such as “Profinal®” (59.4%) and paracetamol (42.5%).
Conclusion: As a consequence, further, attempt to improve patients’ knowledge and practice towards antibiotics should be targeted by organizing more informative campaigns and providing more counseling for patients. Additionally, more restrictions on antibiotics prescription should be applied and supervised.