Category: Professional Posters
Purpose: The common cold is a self- limiting condition targeting the upper respiratory tract. Even though the condition resolves on its own and may require only over the counter (OTC) drugs yet it accounts for 40% of absentees from work and a large number of visits to the family physician clinic. Treatment of this minor ailment can be either by supplements and herbal products or traditional drugs. The aim of the current study is to assess the knowledge and attitude of a sample of Lebanese population on the common cold.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive questionnaire-based study was performed. The sample size enrolled was 385 Lebanese participants living in Beirut area. The questionnaire was divided into three parts that included demographic information, as well as knowledge and attitude questions. Results were considered significant when P-value was ≤ 0.05 with a confidence interval of 95%.
Results: Results showed that the youngest group were more knowledgeable about common cold than the elderly (age>65 years). Moreover, Ph.D. holders were the most knowledgeable about this condition as they scored 6.71/10. Most of the tested sample believed that the Ministry of Public Health should be involved to educate the people on this condition despite their attitude for the choice of medication and non-pharmacological measures which was adequate.
Conclusion: The role of all health care providers and ministry of public health is to ensure proper education on the common cold by conducting awareness campaigns on the etiology, treatment, and prevention of this condition.