Category: Federal Forum Posters
Purpose: Ideally, research and teaching complement each other during pharmacy education. Pharmacy students can significantly improve their research skills and pharmacy knowledge by conducting research projects. However, there is a lack of opportunities for students to collaborate with their professors for research projects during pharmacy training. The objective of this study is to explore a sustainable method for faculty to conduct meta-analysis research with pharmacy students through a year-long project.
Methods: Pharmacy students from second to fourth professional years (P2 to P4) were invited to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the risk factors of bleeding and clinical non-effectiveness with long-term use of clopidogrel. Students were trained in the pilot phase by a research pharmacist for two months. In this training phase, students learned to conduct abstract screening, full paper screening, data extraction, and bias assessment. Students then performed each phase of the meta-analysis for the next six months. Online weekly meetings among all members in the team were held to build a cohesive vision, discuss work process and output, and ensure progress. To assess goals, expectations, and skills learned, an evaluation form was sent to pharmacy students, followed by a one-hour focus session after ten months.
Results: Seven students participated in this study (one P2, four P3, and two P4). One student dropped out after six months. Six students completed all 4 phases of the project: pilot training, abstract screening (6,955 articles), full paper screening (1,422 articles), and data extraction (98 articles). Students are expected to submit a poster abstract to the ASHP Midyear and be co-authors for the project’s manuscript. From the evaluation, all students exhibited high interest in this research project and believed it meaningfully improved their ability to read and evaluate journal articles. However, they also suggest that the project needed to define clear expectations for students before starting. Students also were interested in teaching and leading new studies with similar methods
Conclusion: Our project showed that it is feasible and beneficial for pharmacy students to conduct systematic review and meta-analysis with faculty in a year-long project. This project provided not only research experience to students but also improved their ability to understand the periodical literature.