Category: Professional Posters
Purpose: According to Taiwan National Institute of Health’s report in 2017, the average age of first drug users was 12.5 years. The highest incidence, 23%, was found on campuses. Campus drug abuse is an urgent issue. To establish an anti-drug educational foundation, pharmacists implemented health policy and anti-drug educational activities.
Methods: QCC as a tool. Firstly, a 15 item questionnaire, designed to understand the current students' drug literacy e.g. drug knowledge, symptoms and consequences of drug addiction and how to find help. Utilizing the 80/20 rule, we sorted students’ problems. Secondly, pharmacists designed anti-drug educational programs: drama and games for elementary school students, board games for junior high students, lectures and prized Q&A for senior high students, aimed at building anti-drug concepts and skills. A 30 item pretest-posttest questionnaire for evaluating program effectiveness was designed. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS v24.
Results: 121 students completed the first questionnaire. The mean age was 13.8±2.6 years, 55.4% female. The accuracy of elementary students was 42.9%, junior high students 44.6%, senior high students 52%. We designed anti-drug educational programs based on results. To evaluate the effectiveness of programs, from 2019/03 to 2019/05, we held 6 educational programs. 232 valid questionnaires showed: elementary students(14.7%) accuracy increased 52.1%, junior high students(30.1%) accuracy increased 38% and senior high students(55.1% ) accuracy increased 32%.
Conclusion: QCC is an effective tool for designing educational programs. Significant improvements were observed. Therefore, pharmacists should be proactive in providing anti-drug education, establishing a safer environment for students.