Category: Professional Posters
Purpose: In Lebanon, most of the antibiotics prescribed for pediatrics are usually dispensed as oral suspensions together with measuring devices. For appropriate use of antibiotic suspensions, parents should be aware of the correct reconstitution, concentration, dose administration, duration of treatment, and storage conditions.
Among these factors, confusion and errors in terms of dosing may result from the wide range of measuring devices types and styles that vary in terms of increments and units of measurements.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the appropriate knowledge and awareness regarding antibiotic suspensions reconstitution, dose administration, duration, and storage conditions among Lebanese mothers.
Methods: This study is a questionnaire based cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among the Lebanese population, where a sample of 300 mother was met and asked to answer a face to face questionnaire.
This study was conducted at several community pharmacies between October 2018 and June 2019.
Results: Preliminary results showed that 75.6% of mothers noted that they read instructions, among which only 66 % could understand these instructions. 80% of mothers asked pharmacists advice regarding reconstitution and among which 90% asked to reconstitute the antibiotic at the community pharmacy.
seventy-five percent of mothers used accompanied measuring device while remaining preferred changing to other available devices.
Ninety percent of mothers claimed that they usually shake the suspension bottle before use while 88% claimed that they usually store the reconstituted antibiotic in the refrigerator.
Conclusion: The preliminary results reflect a good level of knowledge and awareness regarding studied variables. However, there is a need to emphasize more importance of usage of accompanied measuring devices and avoidance of switching. Also, pharmacists are recommended to explain more the correct directions for dose administration, and to counsel parents about storage condition and to refrigerate only when it is recommended by the manufacturer.