Category: Professional Posters
Purpose: The purpose of this program was to establish a volunteer-based clinical pharmacy internship in an academic medical center. The program was developed as a clinical and operational extension of the department of pharmacy including support for medication histories and drug shortages.
Methods: The CPI program increased medication history collection efforts during the summer months where there are little to no students on campus completing rotations. This period has previously been vulnerable due to collapse of student-based services provided in concert with rotational experiences for students due to academic scheduling. Five colleges of pharmacy were made aware of the program resulting in 31 applicants. A total of 12 pharmacy students were selected for the program with 11 students completing the full term of the internship.
CPI were recruited from local colleges of pharmacy. CPI were educated through an online platform with twelve modules. The clinical pharmacy interns were credentialed in patient education and medication histories,
Clinical pharmacy interns filled out a tracking form for all medication histories and discharge counseling sessions completed over the 8 weeks spent on campus providing care to patients. Other impact parameters were audited from custom tracking forms, self-assessments, and assignments completed/logged for drug shortage activities and automated dispensing cabinet optimization.
Results: Eighty-one medication histories were completed independently during the internship excluding training sessions. Medication history resulted in 1.93 new medications not previously listed on the medication history on average being added to the patient’s profile per patient as a result of the CPI/patient encounter. Allergies information prior to the CPI medication history visit averaged 1.16 per patient. After CPI history collection the average was 1.23 per patient, 7 reactions were added for medication allergies that were previously unknown/unlisted. Vaccination history was collected during the medication history interview for 44 patients that previously had an unknown immunization status.
Conclusion: Mutual benefit can result from extending opportunities to pharmacy interns while preserving interest despite a volunteer-based model adding more stability to student-based patient care services along with additional support assistance when unexpected events occur such as needs within drug shortage management.
Launching a CPI program enhances medication safety through larger capture of medication histories as well as provide robust response to drug shortage issues and operational needs to deliver best care to patients.