The library of ceramic prefabricated structural components for civil applications contains numerous low weight elements such as cinderblocks, hollow bricks and concrete decks. While manufacturing technologies have developed rapidly in recent years and decreased the cost of complexity, these low weight construction elements are still designed using conventional methods. Topology optimization offers a means to leverage the new manufacturing possibilities and create more competitive designs solutions. To reach its full potential, the design algorithm must incorporate the physical characteristics of the base material. This work focuses on the design of ceramic components including those made of clay brick, plain and reinforced concrete. The design framework will therefore benefit from accounting for different tensile and compressive strength limits. Researchers have previously developed topology optimization algorithms that can account for this difference in tensile and compressive strength. However, there has been little research focusing on the experimental behavior of the resulting designs. In this work we use existing topology optimization algorithms to design plain concrete beams that are subsequently fabricated and experimentally tested. The designs are generated using (i) a minimum compliance and (ii) a stress-based algorithm. Both frameworks use the density-based topology optimization approach and a gradient based optimizer. The manufacturability of the designs is improved my requiring a minimum feature size. The results from the plain concrete experiments are incorporated as reinforcement is added to the design domain for the design of Strut-and-Tie layouts. The topology optimized reinforced beams are manufactured and tested. All experimental results are compared to numerical models of the directly resulting- and the as-built design.