Full Session without Abstracts
Session Proposal: The Nature of Structures - Bioinspired Structural Analysis and Design
The proposed session is sponsored by the Bioinspired Structures Technical Committee of ASCE/SEI
Obtaining inspiration from biological and natural systems, or biomimicry, has been successfully used in engineering and science to develop both new technology and new paradigms in design. Lessons from nature have been used in multiple engineering disciplines to develop solutions to human problems, but application to structural engineering has been somewhat slower to take hold. Innovative approaches to analysis, design and materials are presented by leading researchers and practitioners to provide an overview of this emerging field in structural engineering. Speaker topics are wide ranging including sustainable construction, foundation design, new analysis paradigms, and structural form finding all inspired by natural organisms or systems.
30 minutes: Presentations
With a short variation on theme from the 10 speaker IES format, each presenter will develop 1-2 powerpoint slides to introduce the audience to a topic in biomimicry related to structural engineering; each presenter will be allowed 3 – 5 minutes.
30 Minutes: Panel Discussion
A short panel discussion will be held after the presentations to answer general audience questions on this emerging field in Structural Engineering.
Session Moderator & Presenter: Dr. Andrea Surovek P.E., F.SEI, F. ASCE
Dr. Surovek is the chair of the ASCE/SEI Bioinspired Structures Committee.
Abstract: Integrated Ventilation and Structural Stability of Termite Mounds: How do termite mounds provide both safe, stable structures and provide ventilation and gas exchange through nothing but the form of the structures themselves? Can we emulate those forms for more sustainable buildings?
Presenter: Mark Waggoner, P.E.
Principal, Walter P. Moore
Abstract: Growing structures: Design today focuses on determining the form of a structure in its final condition, and then we back-engineer how it gets to that state in order to build the design. What if the final form instead were an outcome of simpler construction techniques analogous to growth in biological organisms?
Hongyu Zhou, PhD
University of Alabama Huntsville
Abstract: Thermally active building skin: a bio-mimicry strategy for building thermal management: What are the thermal management strategy employed by animals and plants, and how can they be applied to thermally activate the building skin for maximum energy efficiency and thermal comfort?"
Sigrid Adriaenssens, PhD
Abstract: Current adaptive building skins act moderate the influence of weather conditions on the building’s interior environment. However, they rely on complex mechanical hinges and actuation devices that increase construction complexity as well as cost. We interpret, upscale, modify and tailor elastic deformation mechanisms in plants to mechanically less complex adaptive building skins.
Hussam Mahmoud, PhD
Colorado State University
Abstract: EvA (Evolving Algorithm): An Intelligent Nature-Based Approach to Performance-Based Design of Structures. A new optimization algorithm that is founded on the concept of a full life cycle of complex organisms, including 1) evolution, 2) growth, and 3) adaptation with the goal to provide a holistic approach for performance-based design of buildings against extreme earthquake demands.
Bret Lingwall, PhD, P.E.
South Dakota School of Mines and Technology
Abstract: Biomimicry in structural systems, analysis, and design includes the foundations of the structures and the soil-structure interaction paradigm. Foundation systems of mega-flora around the world provide unique insights into the shapes, locations, distributions, materials, soil-structure interaction, and foundation-structure connections for the next generation of bio-inspired foundations.