The rapidly growing concerns about climate change have urged the researchers and engineers to concentrate on development of design schemes to enhance resiliency of structures and infrastructures. The existing codes are consistently evolving to address robustness of structures to withstand natural hazards. The natural hazards vary spatially in terms of the risks and type of the hazards the environment may impose on the structures. New York City is vulnerable to extreme flood and storms amongst which Hurricane Sandy was one of the most devastating hurricanes. It inflicted an immense damage throughout the country including New York City area. A recovery program called “Build it Back” has been implemented in order to rehabilitate and restore/improve the resiliency of the affected houses. Approximately 1,400 houses were registered in the program, mainly to be elevated to be in compliance with the recent codes and standards, i.e., FEMA P55 and NYC building code. This paper aims at delineating the various aspects as well as associated challenges of resilient design of single or multi-family houses subjected to extreme environmental loads with a focus on Hurricane Sandy in New York City area. The study focuses on the residences located in FEMA zones “AE” and “VE”, which respectively refer to non-coastal and coastal high-risk areas. In particular, different loading scenarios in accordance with the latest codes, suitability of helical pile as a potential option for resiliency, roof design, and superstructure to foundation connection will be discussed. A major design challenge associated with the resiliency of the foundations is proximity of the buildings to the profoundly deteriorating bulkheads at the shore line. A future flood event can potentially lead to failure of the bulkheads resulting in a landslide that can compromise the piles lateral stability and undermine the building structural integrity. This stability concern is addressed by stiffening the top portion of the helical piles using steel casing and developing a bending moment transfer mechanism between the piles and the grade beams. Finally, a reliability analysis is performed to reveal the degree of resiliency of the structures against likely similar or more severe hurricanes in the future. In this analysis, First Order Reliability Method (FORM) is adopted to investigate the impact of critical factors as probabilistic variables on the resiliency of the structures.