PDMP & Data Surveillance
States funded through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Enhanced State Opioid Overdose Surveillance (ESOOS) system rapidly identify changes in nonfatal drug overdoses by monitoring data on emergency medical service (EMS) transports. In this session, epidemiologists from Kentucky, New Mexico, Rhode Island, and Washington D.C., will present their respective programs for drug overdose surveillance using EMS data. Presenters will describe strengths and limitations of definitions used to identify and track nonfatal drug overdoses, including those involving opioids and heroin, specifically, with information captured at the scene by EMS providers and reported by patients and bystanders. Trends in nonfatal overdoses will be presented for each jurisdiction and collectively will highlight geographic differences in nonfatal overdoses. Presenters also will describe how they identify and track treatment refusals, situations in which patients are treated but refuse transport to an emergency department, and potential reasons for refusals. Lessons learned through analysis of information from complementary data sources (e.g., emergency department nonfatal overdoses, drug overdose fatalities, prescribing measures) also will be discussed. Presenters will provide insight into continued efforts to improve data quality and completeness, including ongoing collaborations with EMS agencies, communication with data vendors, and actions taken to address discordant data standards. Presenters will describe ways in which EMS data are used to inform deployment of public health and public safety resources, and they will highlight examples of how they share data with stakeholders to keep them apprised of the evolving opioid overdose epidemic.
This session is accredited for the following accreditation types: CME, CNE, CPE, APA, AAFP, AAHCPAD*, NAADAC*, ASWB,* GA Post.
*State and provincial regulatory boards have the final authority to determine whether an individual course may be accepted for continuing education credit.