Traditional Poster Round
Improved health care communication has been associated with improvements in many different objective and subjective health outcomes, including blood pressure control, hemoglobin A1C in diabetes, adherence to medication use, and patient satisfaction . Despite the importance of developing communication skills as a competence in dental education, systematic development of those skills in student practitioners tends to be limited and is often overshadowed by curricular time spent teaching technical skills rather than integrating behavioral and technical abilities.
The use of clinical simulation involving standardized patients as an experiential learning strategy is widespread in medical education and is gaining a greater emphasis in health sciences education generally and in post-graduate dental education programs in particular.
In this study, we will seek to explore whether training dental residents in communication skills using simulation is of benefit and its relevance in dental education.
• To train dental residents in selected communication skills using simulation
• To identify relevant themes on using simulation in training dental residents in communication skills by conducting focus group discussion and reflection.
• To explore ways of assessing communication skills in dental education including outcome measures
• The results of the study will be shared with selected committees within the university so as to focus on communication skills as a competence in dental education. The results will be submitted for publication in a relevant journal.
Proposed Plan of study
A qualitative research design will be used as the research will be exploratory in nature. All postgraduate dental residents at Hamdan Bin Mohammed College of Dental Medicine (HBMCDM) will be invited to participate in the study and asked to sign the consent form. The residents will be divided into groups of 5-7 and participate in a session with 3 simulated predetermined case scenarios dealing with selected communication skills for the dental specialist. Prior to the sessions, the residents will be provided with pre course reading material on the selected communication skills for the relevant scenarios. Immediately after the simulation sessions, the residents will complete a reflection form (Appendix 1) after which a focus group interview will be arranged. The questions to be asked in the focus group interviews can be found in (Appendix 2). The audio and video of the interviews will be recorded for the purpose of capturing all the information.
Thematic analysis will be conducted starting with verbatim transcription of the audio recordings of the focus groups by an independent focus group leader. The transcripts will then be checked by the support staff while listening to the audio recording to identify and correct any errors or omissions in the transcripts. The transcripts will be compared for congruence between the two researchers in their approach to analysis of the data. Gradually the coded data will be merged, re-named and streamlined until the final theme structure emerges.
The findings will be written up in a scientific manuscript format and shared with the management of the Simulation Centre, Hamdan Bin Mohammed College of Dental Medicine (HBMCDM) for further action .