Professor National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, India
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Frederick Taylor started productivity management theory development with
his 1895 paper on piece rate system, and developed it further in "shop
management" and "scientific management" papers. His methods were adopted
in industrial engineering and operations management disciplines.
Productivity, efficiency improvement and cost reduction as objectives of
industrial engineering were indicated by many authors and scholars. AIIE
also indicated the same by specially mentioning that performance from
systems will be evaluated and predicted in industrial engineering. Scott
Sink and David Sumanth came out with textbooks on productivity
management. But a review of the curricula of industrial engineering and a
survey reveal that productivity management is not yet an important area
in teaching and practice. In this paper, an attempt is made to highlight
the development of important productivity management theories and
practices through literature review, curricula review, opinion of IE
faculty and profit center managers. The current scope, opportunity and
challenges for productivity management are brought out in the paper. The
purpose of the paper is to point out the need for further development of
the subject to convince academicians and practitioners of the utility of
teaching and using productivity management systems and practices.