Media, Communication, Digitalization
For the last couple of years Indonesia has seen a rise of nationally produced films about the Indonesian National Revolution. These film perjuangan - war-themed films about Indonesia’s independence struggle - inhabit a prominent place in Indonesia’s emerging memory culture. In 2015 the film Battle of Surabaya was released in cinemas throughout the country and screened internationally at film festivals. Battle of Surabaya is situated during the eponymous battle in November 1945 in Surabaya between Indonesian revolutionaries and British troops. Unlike other film perjuangan, the film is an animated film - a field of Indonesian cinema that is thus far hardly documented. A similar lacuna can be found in the studies of the relation between animation and memory. This paper addresses questions of how memories of the Indonesian National Revolution are constructed through Battle of Surabaya. To see what kind of memory narratives of the Revolution are imagined and to understand how these narratives shape contemporary Indonesian cultural memory. It does so by analysing the formal elements that animated film has to offer and by taking into account the specificities of the events during the battle that took place in Surabaya in 1945.