Religion and Beliefs
The presentation discusses representation of mosques as new destination in global context. Long been known that mosques are not only praying and community space, but also a place for political/ideological contestations. From beginning of post-authoritarian Soeharto era until now, there are 170 thousand mosque in Java, meaning it reach density of 1,3 mosque/km2. Arguably, arising radicalism seldom to be related with struggle of mosques in Java to be centres. However, there are frequent pattern that mosques upgrade their appearances, in the mentioned period of time.
To be specific, the paper inquired how aesthetics contributes to the making of mosques as destination. What kinds of aesthetics compose a place that attracts pilgrims? How the process of choosing such representations was made? Who and what intentions were actively contested on the process? And finally, what were the symbols convey to the community -who is not only exposed to aftermath of development but also embodied political culture?
The research investigated on recently-build mosques (from post-authoritarian Soeharto era) which spread in several urban areas in Java. Depok and Bandung represent urban areas that have large moslem community, Yogyakarta and Surakarta represent city of origin of moslem organizations, lastly Purwokerto and Surabaya represent urban areas of comparable amount of religious communities. It conducted using urban design and anthropological framework, on individual mosque, foundation-owned mosque, university-mosque, neighbourhood (kampong) mosque, and government-owned mosque.
The research finding confers that ideologies and intentions did not come in one massive structure, hence are shredded and hijacked by multiple wills.