The Dutch and English Travel Writings on the East Indies in the Seventeenth Century: Ethnographical Practice by Widaratih Kamiso
This research is about the Dutch and English travel writings in the early seventeenth century on the East Indies. This study focus on the relation between exploration and the development of ethnography of the European colonies in the seventeenth century. Despite all achievements in science and exploration that happened in the seventeenth century, publications on English and Dutch pre-colonial scholarship during this period are rare. Therefore, the main question of this study is if and how the European exploration contributed to the development of systematic on recording human cultures. Systems of science developed in Europe while foreign regions became one of the focus interest of the observation and circulation of knowledge, especially ethnography. Ethnographical observation gave a more detail description and systematically to implant a system of European institution in foreign lands in travel writings. The writers were engaged in the process of decoding indigenous rules to guide the behavior of the European. This research will use six travel writings from early exploration of the Dutch and English in the East Indies to understand ethnographical attitude of the English and Dutch in the East Indies in the seventeenth century and uncover the cultural basis on which the ethnographical practice in the seventeenth century.
Key words: travel writing, ethnography, seventeenth century