Arts and Culture
This poster will demonstrate visual cross references of aspects of ‘Spiritual and Abstract Art’ transgressing cultural boarders between Asia to Europe and the symbolic expression of the Buddha’s enlightenment seen in the Buddhist flag. Modern research by Tuchman and Ringboom (1986) has shown that Kandinsky’s paintings were very much inspired by Theosophical writings by Helena Blavatsky and Anthroposophical writings of Rudolf Steiner, as well as theories on ‘Human Aura’ by Annie Besant and Charles Webster Leadbeater. Much of the Theosophical thinking was flavored with Sanskrit words such as “rupa” and “arupa”, denoting the “seen” and the “unseen” identifying a “formless world”. The Theosophists maintained that enlightenment and salvation could be achieved through spiritual relationships and intuition. Inspired by the Goethe’s ‘Colour Theory’ and later developments to the ‘Colour Star’ by Johannes Itten, linking colour with emotion by Wassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian concentrating on primary colours and Faber Birren’s ‘Principles of Colour’ and Josef Alber’s ‘Interaction of Colour’ can be traced as some stations of this visual journey. The Buddhist flag that was designed in 1880 was first hoisted in 1885 during the very first celebration of Wesak, Buddha’s enlightenment in colombo. The modified flag was presented to the Japanese Emperor Meiji Tenno in 1889 and in 1952 adopted as the international Buddhist flag. The epistemologies of the Buddhist flag as Buddha’s ‘Six Colour Emission’ of rays in written canonical Pali texts and its reflection in Tibetan Color meditation too will be noted in the poster.