Migration and Diasporas
This paper explores policies of post-Soviet Tajikistan concerning Tajik labor emigrants in Russia. We argue that in order to understand how the Tajik state moves between involvement and non-involvement with its labor emigrants, we should not view the government as a unified actor; account for a complex emigration policy process and the impact of external actors. In particular, we show an important distinction between declared policies and informal practices performed by the state. Furthermore, we argue that Tajikistan’s relations with Russia determine its (non)involvement with emigrants, whereas international organizations significantly shape the development of Tajikistan’s emigration policy in the context of globalization and nascent global migration governance.